Brief history of Yaduvanshi Jadeja Rajput’s Talukah and minor Estates in Gujrat–

Brief history of Yaduvanshi Jadeja Rajput’s Talukah and Minor Estates in Gujrat  —

The Jadeja  yaduvanshi rajput tribe,  like the Chudásamás, an offshoot of the great Samma race that ruled in Sindh and claimed descent from one of the four Jádavas. The Sammás ruled in Sindh for many years, and were probably driven south by the incursions of the Tártárs from Central Asin. They established their rule in Cutch, and thence penetrated into Kathiáwár. It is said that about A.D. 1313, Bahmani Samma led a band as far as Ghumli in the Barda hills, then the capital of the Jethvás, and destroyed it, but did not gain a permanent footing in the country.

In 1537 Kutch was divided between two Jadeja chiefs, Jam Hamari and Jam Raval.Jam Raval treacherously killed Hamirji and seized on his dominions . Hamirji’s son Khengar fled to Ahmadabad , and ingratiating himself with the reigning Sultan ,was allowed to settle at Morvi in Kathiawar , and was honoured with the title of “Rao” .From Morvi Rao Khangar attacked his uncle Jam Raval , and finally , in 1548 , drove him from Kutch.Jam Rawal sought refuge in Kathiawar , established Navanagar , and gradually spread his power over the whole of north-west Kathiawar.

Lakha Phulani supposed to have completed the conquest of Kutch in A.D.1320.He was succeeded by his nephew Punvaro , and on Punvaro’s death his widow wife sent to Sindh for Lakha ,the son of Jada.From this time the Sammas called themselves Jadejas.

History of Mediaeval Period

Jadejas established themselves over the generations at various states in present day in Gujrat , these were Kutch ,Morbi ,Dhrol , Jamnagar ,Rajkot , Malia and Gondal ,making them predominant Rajput race in whole Gujrat. Jam Raval established himself in Kathiawar ,Dhrol , Rajkot , Gondal , Virpur , and several minor estates have sprung from the parent stem.In addition to these , the states of Morvi and Malia chiefs are direct descendants of Rao Ravaji of Kutch , who was  killed in1697 by his younger brother Pragmalji . Ravaji’s son Kanyoji established himself in Morvi and Kanyoji’s Morji separated and became chief of Malia. Jadeja tribe has thus acquired nearly one -third of the Kathiawar ,and Navanagar ,Gondal ,and Morvi are among the richest and most considerable states in the peninsula.

The Talukah and minor Estates —

1-Wadali Estate –

Area.-7sq.miles.population -590.
Revenue.-2,000 rupees.
Bhupat Sinh, Jadeja Rajput , is the principal share-holder. He pays a tribute of Rs. 246 to the British Government and Rs. 78 to the Junagarh State as Zortalbi Hakka. The Talukdur has one indepen dent tribute-payer. He is enrolled in the seventh class among the chiefs of Kathiawad, so his criminal powers empower him to inflict rigorous im prisonment for 15 days and fine upto Rs. 25, while in civil cases he has no powers. Wadali is 10 miles distant from the Rajkot Railway Station. Residence.-Wadali, Kathiawad; Bombay Presidency.

2-Virwa Estate—

Area. 76 sq. miles. Population.-176. Revenue.-1,000 rupees.
Bhawaji, Jadeja Rajput , is the present Talukdar. A tribute of Rs. 149 is paid by him to the British Government and of Rs. 4 to H. H. The Nawab of Junagarh as Zortalbi Hakka. He has one in dependent tribute-payer. Neither civil nor criminal powers are grante to him. Virwa is 8 miles distant from Lodhika.
Residence.-Virwa, Kathiawad; Bombay Presidency.

3-Virpur Estate-

Area.-29 sq. miles. Population.-6,300.
Revenue.-39,000 rupees.

Jam Raol, the founder of the Jadeja rule at Nawanagar, was succeed ed in 1562 by his son Vibhaji, who died in 1569, after a short rule of seven years. Of the four sons left behind him, the third Bhanji represents the present Thakore of Virpur. The estate received in appanage by Bhanji was given up by Bhuroji, who accepted service under the Mahomedan Governor of Khareli. Originally the land-lords of Kharedi were Kathis, who were dispelle 1 by the Mahomed ins. A small portion, however, fell to the lot of Bharoji. Mokoji, seventh in descent from Bharoji, otherwise called Bawoji, overpowered the Mahomedan Governor in 1766, and took Kharedi under his sole independent charge. He succeeded in acquiring Virpur and two other villages from the Kathis, thus making his principality con sist of twelve villages. He held his court at Virpur. Suraji, the present Thakore, is the fifth in descent from Mokoji. This is a fourth class State in the Kathiawad Agency, so its ruler is empowered to inflict punishment with hard labour for three years and fine up to Rs. 5,000. In civil cases he is competent to hear and decide suits to the amount of Rs. 10,000. Virpur is 8 miles to the north-east of the Jetpur Railway Station.
Residence.-Virpur, Kathiawad; Bombay Presidency.
Presidency.

4-Tera Taluka —

This Taluka was purchased from its Jadeja holder by Rao Shri Desalji of Kutch in 1845. It then comprised within it 10 villages and yielded an annual income of Rs. 5,000 only. Several villages were purchas ed subsequently and added to this Taluka which prospered under the rule of the Kutch Sovereign. In 1847, he granted in perpetuity the Taluka with the villages subsequently added to it, to his second son Hamir Sinhji. It then yielded Rs. 10,000 a year, and the management was carried on by Rao Desalji till his death which occurred in 1861. From that date the sole charge of the estate was entrusted to Hamirji, then a youth of 20 years, pro perly educated under the care of his royal father. He managed the affairs satisfactorily, and enhanced the revenues of his estate by settling new villages and granting liberal concessions to the cultivators. This Taluka now yields an annual income of Rs. 75,000. Prince Hamirji holds it under the British guarantee. For ensuring justice to his subjects, he has divided his Taluka into six minor divisions, and has appointed Revenue, Judicial and Police officers to look after the affairs of each of these divisions. He has established several Vernacular schools and opened libraries at principal places within his estate. Hamirji is the uncle of Maharajadhiraj Khengar ji, Sawai Bahadur, the present Maha Rao of Kutch. Hamirji has two sons and one daughter. The eldest son, Rayadhanji, has taken liberal education both in English and Gujarati languages.
Residence.-Tera, Kutch; Bombay Presidency.

5-Sisang-Chandli Taluka-

Area-1 sq. mile. Population.-1,712.
Revenue.-7,500 rupees.
This Taluka was received in appanage by Ranmalji, the second son of Vibhaji, the Jam of Nawanagar. Naran Sinh, Pachanji, Bapubhai, Chandra Sinh, his descendants, and Dosaji, Jadeja Rajputs , are the present Talukdars. A tribute of Rs. 720 is paid by them to the British Government and of Rs. 226 to the Junagarh State as Zortalbi Hakka. They have 5 independent tribute-payers. Neither civil nor criminal powers are granted to them. Out of the share-holders some reside at Sisang and some at Chandli.

6-Shahpur Taluka –

Area.-10 sq. miles. Population.-1,237.

Revenue.-6,500 rupees.

This Taluka was received, in giras, by Kalyanji, the third son of Meheramanji II., the Thakore of Rajkot Gagubha, his descendant, Jadeja Rajput , is the present Talukdar. A tribute of Rs. 404 is paid by him to the British Government and of Rs. 146 to the Junagarh, State as Zortalbi Hakka. He has one independent tribute-payer. The Talukedar is enlisted in the sixth class among the chiefs of Kathiawad, so în criminal cases he is entitled to inflict punishment of imprisonment for three months with hard labour and fine upto Rs. 200, while in civil matters he hears and decides suits to the amount of Rs. 500. Shahpur is 9 miles to the south of the Rajkot Railway Station.
Residence.-Shahpur, Kathiawad; Bombay Presidency.

7-Sayla Estate —

Area.-222 sq. miles. Population.-16,981.
Revenue.-65 000 rupees.

The rulers of Sayla are Jadeja Rajputs claiming relationship with the Raj Saheb of Dhrangadra. In the fifteenth century it was under the sway of the Rajputs of the Chabad race. In the beginning of the eighteenth century when the Mughal Empire was reduced to a tottering condition, it passed into the hands of the Kathis belonging to the Karpad and Khavad families, from whom it was acquired by Jhala Sensabhai in 1751. He established his capital there, and to this day his descendants are rul ing over Sayla and its adjacent territories. Sensabhai was the second son of Raj Raya Sinhji of Halwad (modern Dhrangadra), who was reigning there in 1730. He had six sons, Gaj Sinhji, Sensabhai, Ajabhai, Kasalbhai, Nathubhai and Ashabhai. The Raj Saheb adopted the policy of curtailing the jagire of the members of the junior branches of his family and granting smaller estates to his younger sons. This departure from the ordinary custom obtaining in other States was resented by all the cadets, who went into out-lawry against him, but the more remark able fact was that they were secretly supported by the heir-apparent,
Thakore Shri Keshari Sinhji after enjoying a peaceful reign of 44 fears breathed his last in 1882. His son, Wakhat Sinhji, ascended the gadi and is the present Thakore Saheb of Sayla. Out of his six sons, the eldest Madar Sinhji has received his education at the Rajkumar College at Rajkot, and the others Kalyan Sinhji, Mehrubhai, Devi Sinhji, Vaje Sinhji and Bhav Sinhji have been sent to the Girasia School at Wadhwall. In 1888 the Thakore Saheb spent a large sum in celebrating the marriage of his daughter Motiba with Maharao Shri Khengarji of Kutch.
Sayla is a third class state, and its rulers are invested with the powers of a third class chief; so they are empowered to inflict rigorous imprisoment for seven years and fine upto Rs. 10,000. In civil cases they hear and decide suits to the amount of Rs. 20,000.
Residence. Sayla, Kathiawad; Bombay Presidency.

8-Pal Estate —

Area.-21 sq. miles. Population.-1,214.

Revenue.-8,000 rupees.

This State was received as an appanage by Harbhamji, the fourth som of the then ruling Thakore Meheramanji of Rajkot. Ratan Sinh, his descendant, is the present Talukdar. He pays a tribute of Rs. 1,255 to H. H. the Gaekwad of Baroda and Rs. 394 to the Junagarh State as Zortalbi Hakka. The Talukdar has one independent tribute-payer. He is enlist ed in the fifth class among the chiefs of Kathiawad, so he enjoys criminal powers of inflicting rigorous imprisonment for two years and fine upto Rs. 2,000, while in civil cases he hears and decides suits to the amount of Rs. 5,000. Pal is 7 miles south-west from the Rajkot Railway Station.
Residence.-Pal, Kathiawad; Bombay Presidency.

9-Mulila Deri Estate

Area.-15 sq. miles. Population.-2,510

Revenue.-14,000 rupees.

Hathibhai and Gorakhji,  Jadeja Rajputs, are the present Talukdars. They pay a tribute of Rs. 1,279 to the British Government and Rs. 175 to the Junagarh State as Zortalbi Hakka. The Talukdars have 7 independent tribute-payers. No civil and criminal powers are enjoyed by them. Mulila Deri is 7 miles to the west of Lodhika.
Residence. Mulila Deri, Kathiawad; Bombay Presidency.

10-Mengni Estate —

Nar Sinh, Jadeja Rajput  is the present Talukdar. He succeeded to the gadi on the 28th December 1895 after the death of his father, which event took place on the 16th December 1895. He has received liberal education both in English and Vernacular languages. A tribute of Rs. 3,412 is paid by him to the British Government. The Talukdar has one independent tribute-payer. This Taluka is under the management of the Kathiawad Agency owing to the debt incurred by the late Talukdar. A manager is appointed to look after its affairs. The Talukdar is enlisted in the fifth class among the chiefs of Kathiawad, so his criminal powers empower him to inflict rigorous inprisonment for two years and a fine up to Rs. 2,000. In civil matters he is competent to hear and decide suits to the amount of Rs. 5,000. The Talukdar has a brother, whose name is Shiv Sinh. He is receiving education at the Girasia Talukdari School, Wadhwan. Mengni is 15 miles south of the Rajkot Railway Station.
Residence. Mengni, Kathiawad; Bombay Presidency.

11-Mahuwa Estate

Area-76 sq. miles. Population.-233.

Revenue.-2,000 rupees.

Dungarji, Ram Sinh and Hari Sinh, Jadeja Rajputs , are the present Talukdars. They pay a tribute of Rs. 120 to the British Government and Rs. 38 to the Junagarh State as Zortalbi Hakka. The Talukdars have one independent tribute-payer. No civil and crimi nal powers are enjoyed by them.
Residence.-Mahuwa, Kathiawad: Bombay Presidency.

12-Lodhika Estate

Area-15 sq. miles. Population.-4,655.

Revenue.-25,000 rupees.

This estate was received in giras by a son of Lakhoji, the Thakore of Rajkot. The name of the founder is yet unknown. Hari Sinh and Pathji, Jhala Rajputs by caste, are the present Talukdars. They pay a tribute of Rs. 1,287 to the British Government and Rs. 405 to the Junagarh State as Zortalbi Hakka. The Talukdars have two independent tribute payers. They are entered in the seventh class among the chiefs of Kathiawad, and as such they are empowered to inflict rigorous imprison ment for a term not exceeding 15 days and fine upto Rs. 25. In civil matters they are left without any jurisdiction whatsoever. Lodhika is 15 miles south-west of the Rajkot Railway Station.

Residence.-Lodhika, Kathiawad; Bombay Presidency.

13-Kothariya Taluka —

Area,-7 Sq. miles. Population.-2,366.
Revenue.-11,000 rupees.

This Taluka was granted in giras to Dadoji, the fifth son of Meheramanji, the Thakore of Rajkot. Jethiji, his descendant, a Jadeja Rajput by caste, is the present Talukdar. He pays a tribute of Rs. 948 to the Junagarh State as Zortalbi Hakka. The Talukdar has one in dependent tribute-payer. He is a fifth class Chief, and as such tries crimi nal cases in which he is only empowered to inflict rigorous imprisonment for a period not exceeding two years and fine upto Rs. 2000. In civil matters he is empowered to hear and decide suits to the amount of Rs.5,000. Kotharia is 5 miles to the south of Rajkot.
Residence. Kotharia, Kathiawad: Bombay Presidency.

14-Kotda-Nayani Taluka
Area.-3 sq. miles. Population.-1,256

Revenue-6,000 rupees.

Hari Sinhji, Vakhtajı, Mulji and Meghji, Jadeja Rajputs are the present share-holders of this Taluka. They pay a tribute of Rs 542 to the Gaekwad of Baroda and also of Rs. 145 to H. H. the Nawab of Juna garh as Zortalbi Hakka. The Talukdars have three independent tribute payers. No civil and criminal powers are enjoyed by them. Kotda-Na yani is 15 miles to the north of the Rajkot Railway Station.
Residence.-Kotda-Nayani, Kathiawad; Bombay Presidency.

15-Khirsara Estate —

Area.-13 sq. miles. Population.-4,377.

Revenue.-19,000 rupees.

This petty State was founded by Bhimji. When Sangoji, the eighth ruler of Dhrol, expired without issue, this Bhimji was the rightful heir, but he abdicated the gadi in favour of his younger brother, Junoji, and taking 12 villages he established himself at Khirsara. Raya Sinh, his descendant, is the present Thakore. He belongs to the Jadeja tribe. A tribute of Rs. 2,336 is paid by him to the British Government, while he also pays Rs. 350 to the Junagarh State as Zortalbi Hakka. He has two independent tribute-payers. No civil and criminal powers are granted to him Khirsara is 12 miles distant from the Rajkot Railway Station.
Residence.-Khirsara, Kathiawad. Bombay Presidency.

16-Kanksili Taluka–

Area.-75 sq. miles. Population.-236.

Revenue.-1,200 rupees.

Bhupat Sinh and Naranji, Jadeja Rajput , are the present Talukdars. They pay a tribute of Rs. 84 to the British Government and Rs. 27 to H. H. the Nawab of Junagarh as Zortalbi Hakka. The Talukdars have 2 independent tribute-payers. No civil and criminal powers are granted to them. Kanksiali is 8 miles to the south of the Rajkot Rail way Station.
Residence. Kanksiali, Kathiawad: Bombay Presidency.

17-Jalia Dewani Estate

Area.-36 sq. miles. Population.- 2,383.
Revenue-15,000 rupees

Man Sinhji, Jadeja Rajput , is the present Talukdar. pays a tribute of Rs. 1181 to the Gaekwad of Baroda and Rs. 370 to the Junagarh State as Zortalbi Hakka. The Talukdar has one indepen dent tribute-payer. He is placed in the fifth class among the chiefs of Kathiawad, so in criminal cases he is entitled to inflict rigorous imprison ment for two years and fine upto Rs. 2,000. In civil matters he decides suits upto the amount of Rs. 500. Jalia Dewani is 26 miles distant from the Rajkot Railway Station.
Residence. Jalia Dewani, Kathiawad: Bombay Presidency.

18-Gadika Taluka—-

Area. -23 sq. miles. Population-2,252

Revenue.-14.000 rupees.

This Taluka was received in giras by Akherajji. the third sort of Raumalji, the Thakore of Rajkot. Shiv Sinh, his descendant  Jadeja Rajput, is the present Talukdar. He has studied at the Rajkumar College, Rajkot. A tribute of Rs. 643 is paid by him to the British Govern ment and of Rs. 202 to the Junagarh State as Zortalbi Hakka. The Talukdar has one independent tribute-payer. He is enlisted in the fifth class, so his criminal powers empower him to inflict rigorous imprison ment for 2 years and fine up to the value of Rs. 2,000, while in civil matters he is competent to hear and dispose suits upto the amount of Rs. 5,000. Gadhka – 10 miles distant from the Rajkot Railway Station..
Residence-Gadhika Kathiawad Bombay Presidency.

19-Dharfa Taluka –

Area. 44 sq. miles. Population.-7,610.
Revenue.-60,000 rupees.

Sajubhai, Merji, Malhav Sinh and Lakhaji, the present Talukdars, are Jadeja Rajputs by caste, and are the Bhayals of the Nawanagar Darbar. They pay a tribute of Rs. 3,70% to the British Government and Rs. 1.165 to the Nawab of Junagarh as Zortalbi Hakka. The Talukdars have 9 in dependent tribute-payers. They have no civil and criminal Darafa is 30 miles north-west from the Dhoraji Railway Station, Residence.-Dhrafa, Kathiawad: Bombay Presidency, powers.

20-Bhadwa Taluka —

Area.-7sq.miles.
Population-1,250.
Revenue.-11,000 rupees.

This Taluka was received in Giras by Hakoji, a Rajput of the Jadeja
clan, the third son of Sangoji, the founder of the Kotada-Sangani State. Bhav Sinh is the present Talukdar. He pays a tribute of Rs. 1,394 to the British Government, and Rs. 238 to His Highness the Nawab of Junagarh, as Zortalbi Hakka. The Talukdar has one independent tribute-payer. He is enlisted in the sixth class among the Rajas of Kathiawad, and enjoys the same civil and criminal powers as the principal Talukdar of Bhadli. Bhadwa is 13 miles distant from Gondal.

Residence.-Bhadwa, Kathiawad; Bombay Presidency.

21-Kotda-Sangani Estate-

Aren.-37 sq. miles. Population.-8,600. Revenue. 90,000 rupees.

Sagramji and Sangoji were the two sons of Kumbhoji I., the founder of the Gondal State. The former ascended the paternal throne on the death of his father, the other receiving in appanage the village of Ardoi in 1654-55. He was the founder of the principality, which derived its name of Sangani from him. He extended his sway over the neighbouring villages and raised his estate to the dignity of a Taluka. On one occasion in 1699 he encountered the Kathis at Raiga, three miles from Rajkot, where he lost his life. He had three sons, of whom the eldest, Tejoji, succeeded him to the gadi, while Togaji and Hakoji were granted the estates of Rajpura and Bhadwa. Tejoji seems to have been a lover of peace and to have totally abstained from taking part in contemporary turmoils and strifes. In the year 1727 he expired leaving behind him three sons, Jasoji, Sartanji and Devoji, of whom the eldest ascended the gadi.
Residence-Kotda-Sangani , Kathiawad ,Bombay Presidency.

References–

1-History of Gujarat by J.W.Watson .
2-History of Gujarat by Edalji Dosabhai.
3-The History of Sindh by K.R.Malkani.
4-Bombay Gazetteers, Kathiawar III.p ,554.
5-The Golden book of India ,a Genealogical and Biographical Dictionary of the ruling Princes , Chiefs by Roper Lethoridge.
6-Imperial Gazetteer of India ,v, 11.p78.
7-The Rajputs of Saurashtra by Virbhadra Singh.
8-Yaduvamsh prakash .,pp.,263-287.
9-History of Kathiyawar from Earliest Times .,p177, by Harold Wilberforce -Bell.
10-Bombay Gazetteer , 8,p-489-90, 565-66, p124-126.
11-Glimpses of Bhartiya History by Rajendra Singh Kushwaha.
12-A History of the Indian State forces by HH Maharaja Sawai Man Singh II of Jaipur.
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14-The Early History of India, by Vincent Smith.
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18-Journals of the Royal Asiatic Society, 1890, 1899.
19-Saurashtra no Itihas, by Bhagwanlal Sampatram. 66 Archæological Survey of Western India,” vol. ii (Burgess).
20-Tarikh-i-Sorath,by Dewan Ranchodji Amarji.
21-The History of Gujarat, by Sir Edward Bayley.
22-Gazetteers of Kathiawad States, by Colonel J. W. Watson. 23-Forty Years of the Rajkumar College, by H.H. Sir Bhav
sinhji, K.C.S.I., Maharaja of 24-Bhavnagar. The Outlaws of Kathiawar by C. A. Kincaid, C.V.O.
25-The Ras Mala by Kinloch Forbes, I.C.S.

Author- Dhirendra Singh Jadaun
Village-Larhota near Sasni
District-Hatharas ,Uttar Pradesh
Associate Prof in Agriculture
Shahid Captain Ripudaman Singh Govt.College ,Sawai madhopur ‘Rajasthan ,322001.

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