History of Lunar Race Yaduvansis Rajput Clan Bhattis of Punjab ——
Bhatis –( Sanskrit , bhatta , ‘’ Lord ‘’ ) –
A Rajput sept . They are the Baterna of Pliny and the Ushambatti of the Ain-i-Akbari .Of the Punjab branch Mr.Ibbetson writes — ‘’ Bhatti , the Punjab form of the Rajputana word Bhati , is the title of the great modern representatives of the ancient Yaduvansi Royal Rajput family , descendants of Lord Krishna and therefore of Lunar race .Their tradition tell that in very ancient times they were driven across the Indus ; but that returning , they dispossessed the Langah , Joya and others of the country south of the Lower Satluj some even centuries ago , and founded Jaisalmer .This state still hold , though their territory has been greatly eirenmscribed since the advent of the Rathors ; but they still form a large proportion of the Rajputs subjects of the Rathor Rajas of Bikaner .At one time their possession in those parts included the whole of Sirsa and the adjoining portions of Hisar , and the tract is still known as Bhattiana .The story current in Hissar is that Bhatti , the leader under whom the Bhatis recrossed the Indus , had two sons Dausal and Jaisal , of whom the latter founded Jaisalmer while the former settled in Bhattiana .From Dausal sprang thr Sidhu and Barar Jat tribes , while his grandson Rajpal was the ancestor of the Wattu .According to General Cunningham the Bhatti originally helt the salt –range Tract and Kashmir , their capital being Gajnipur , or the site of modern Rawalphindi ; but about the second century before Christ they were driven across the Jahlam by the Indo-Seythiane , and their leader , the Raja Rasalu of Punjab tradition , founded Sialkot .The invaders however followed them up and dispered them , and drove them to take refuge in the country south of the Satluj , though their rule in the Kashmir vallry remained unbroken till1330 A.D.
The Bhatti is still by far the largest and most widely distributed of the Rajput tribes of the Punjab .It is found in numerous numbers all along the Lower Satluj and Indus ,though on the former often and on the latter always classed as Jat .It is hardly less numbers on the Chenab , the Upper Satluj , and the Beas , it is naturally strong in Bhattiana , there is a large colony in the Delhi district , while it is perhaps most numerous of all in the seats of its ancient power , in Sialkot , Gujrat and the Salt-range country .And if we reckon as Bhatti the Sidhu and Barar Jats of the Malwa , who are admittedly of Bhatti origin , we shall leave no portion of the Punjab proper in which a large Bhatti population is not to be found .
Yet it is strange , if the Bhatti did hold so large a portion of the Punjab as General Cunningham alleges , how almost universally they trace their origin to Bhattiana or at least to its neighbourhood . Either they were expelled wholly from the Upper Punjab and have since returned to their ancient seats or else the glory of their later has overshadowed that of their earlier dynasties abd Bhatner and Bhattiana have become the city and country of the Bhatti from which all good Bhatti trace their origin .The subject population of Bikaner is largly composed of Bhatti , while Jaisalmer is a Bhatti State ; and it seems impossible that if the Higher Satluj are immigrant and not the descendants of the residue of the old Bhatti who escaped expulsion , they should not have come largly from both these States , and moreover should not have followed the river valley in their advance .yet the tradition almost always skips all intermediate steps , and carries us straight back to the ancient city of Bhatner on the banks of the long dry Ghaggar ,in the Bikaner territory bordering on Sirsa .The Wattu Bhatti of Montgomery , while tracing their origin from Raja Salvahan , the father of Raja Rasalu of Sialkot , say that their more immediate ancestors came from Bhatner ; the Nun Bhatti of Multan trace their origin to the Delhi country ; while the Bhatti of Muzaffargarh , Jhang , Gujranwala , Sialkot , Jahlam , and Pindi , all look to Bhatner as the home of their ancestors .It is probable either that Bhatner is used merely as atraditional expression , or that when the Ghaggar dried up or the Rathor conquered Bikaner , the Bhatti were driven to find new homes in the plains of the Punjab .Indeed Mr.Wilson tells that in Sirsa ,or the old Bhattiana ,the term Bhatti is commonly applied to Musalman jat or Rajput from the direction of the Satluj , as a generic term almost synonymous with Rath or Pachhada .
In Multan the Nun , a Bhatti clan , are the dominant tribe in the Shujabad tahsil , where they settled some four or five hundred years ago .The Mittru Bhatti of Multan came from Bikaner .The Bhatti of Mountgomery are probably Wattu and Khichi who will be described presently .The Bhatti of Jhang hold a considerable tract called Bhattiora in the Chiniot uplands north of the Chanab .They came first from Bhatner to the right bank of the Jahlam near the Shahpur border , and thence to Bhattora .They are described as ‘’ a fine race of men , industrious agriculturists , ‘’ bardly at all in debt , good horse-breeders , and very fond of sport .In Sialkot the Bhatti claim descent from Bhoni seventh in descent from their eponymous ancestor Bhatti , who came to Gujranwala from Bikaner , and thence to Sialkot .None of these Bhatti of the bar will give their daughters to the neighbouring Jat tribes though they will take wives from among them without scruple .In the Salt –range Tract the Bhatti seems to hold a very subordinate position as Bhatti , though it may be that some of the innumerable Rajput tribes of those tracts may consider themselves Bhatti as well as whatever their local name may be .In Kapurthala and Jalandhar they have lost position greatly in recent times .Till dispossessed by the Ahluwalla Sikhs , the Rais of Kapurthala were Bhatti Rajputs .
The Wattu are a Bhatti clan , of whose origin the Hissar story . The Sirsa tradition appears to be that of one Raja Junbar , a descendants of the Bhatti Raja Salvahan of Sialkot , was settled in Bhatner , where he had two sons Achal and Batera .From the latter sprang the Sidhu and Barar Jats .The former again had two sons Jaipal and Rajpal , of whom Jaipal was the ancestor of the Bhatti proper , and Rajpal of the Wattu . The Wattu date their conversion to Islam by Baba Farid , from the time of Khiwa who ruled at Haveli in Montgomery , and was succeeded by the famous Wattu chief Lakhe Khan .They hold both of the Satluj in the Sirsa district , and the adjoining part of Montgomery and Bahawalpur , from Baggebi 16 miles above Fazilka , to Phulabi 70 miles below it .
In these Provinces .
Bhatties of United Provinces –
In these Provinces , they are also known as Jaiswar. They claim to be Jadaons who returned from beyond the Indus in the seventh or eighth century. A large number of them became Muhammadans in the time of Qutb-ud-din & Ala-ud-din Khilji . They say that they came to Bulandshahr under Kansal, or as other say that , Deo and Kare, in the time of Prathviraj Chauhan of Delhi , having ejected Meos. They are devided into two clans- Bhatti and Jaiswar. The former is superior of the two, the latter having intermarried with spurious Rajputs. A majority of the clan are now reckoned as Gujars. Another story is they are descended from Raja Dalip, son of Jaswant Rao of Nana Mau, near Bithur. He had two sons, Bhatti and Ranghar ; their descendants settled in Bhatiyana; the branch converted to Islam was called Ranghar . The Muhammadan Bhattis along the Kali Nadi in the Etah district are a Turbulent, idle set , much dread by their neighbours.
In the Upper Duab they are reported to give brides to the Chauhan , Gahlot ,Tomar ,Panwar , Kachhwaha and other high class Rajputs , and to marry their sons in the Bargujars ,Chauhan ,Pundir , Kachhawah and other high and middle class septs.
In Uttar Pradesh ,they are found in some districts according to the Census of 1891, like Dehradoon ,Saharanpur , Muzaffarnagar ,Meerut ,Bulandshahr , Aligarh , Mathura ,Agra , Farrukhabad ,Mainpuri , Etah , Bareilly ,Budaun , Moradabad , Shahjahanpur ,Kanpur , Allahabad ,Ghazipur ,Gorakhpur ,Azamgarh ,and Tarai.
1-Punjab Ethnography , section.448.by Inversion .
2-Raja Lachhman Singh , Bulandshahr Memo , 162.
3-Census North-Western Provinces , 1865, Vol.I, App.16.
4-People of India ,III , 181.
5-Dowson ‘s Elliot , III, 272.
6-Somani, R V., History of Jaisalmer , Panchsheel prakashan , jaipur ,1990 ,p14 .
7-Erskin , Imperial Gazetteers of India ,Op.cit .,p 208.
Tod ., Op.cit .,Vol .II.pp.1169-72.,1176 ,1183 ,1199-1200.
8-Sehgal , K.K ., Rajasthan District Gazetteers .Jaisalmer , Jaipur , 1973 ,p.31.
9-Gahlot , Rajputana -ka-Itihas , 668.
10-Jaisalmer Khyat .
11-Nensi Khyat , Vol.III ,pp.345-346 .
12-Vir -Vinod ,Vol.IV, p.1763.
Author-Dr Dhirendra Singh Jadaun
Village -Larhota ,near Sasni
District-Hathras ,Uttar Pradesh.
Associate Prof. Of Agric Soil Sci.
Shahid Captain Ripudman Singh Govt.College , Sawaimadhopur ,Rajasthan ,322001.