Medieval History of Jadon Tarhati village (Tamangarh Fort)—

Medieval History of Jadon Tarhati village (Tamangarh Fort )—

Tarhati , better known in history as Tamangarh fort ,is a small village in Karauli tahsil situated at north -east .It was a famous fort of Northern India during the early mediaeval period .It was founded by Tamanpal , a Yadava ruler during 11th century A.D.The place was also known as Tribhuvangiri and Islamabad .It remained a famous seat of Jainism and a centre of the Pashupti sect of the Saivas in the 12th century.But it could not withstand Muslim invasions and plunder and was devastated .
Kunwarpal was  the king of Tribhuvanagiri in 1157 A.D.when Jinadstta  Suri visited  that place in 1112 -54 A.D of the Kharataragaccha sect .It is known from the Mahaban Prasasti of V.1208 or A.D.1151 found near Mathura that Kunwarpala’s son , Ajayapala ,who is given the title of Maharajadhiraj  might have been the ambitious Bhadanaka ruler described as deprived of his bha or “lustre” by the Chahamanas  ruler Vigrahraja IV of Ajmer.But this defeat was not very serious R for we find the Bhadanakas fighting once again against the Chahamanas . Ajaypala ‘s interest in Jainism can be interred from the name Ajayarajavihara given to a monastery of Tribhuvangiri ,where Jain scholars like Vinayacandra stayed and composed their works .

In the year A.H.592 ( A.D. 1196 ) , Muhammad Gauri and.Kutbu-d-din Aibak marched towards Thangar (Thangar or Tahangarh ) is the name of the fort near Bayana and the centre of idolotry and perdition became the abode of glory and splendour (Ettiot &Dowson ).The Thankar ,this name is written Thankar, Bhankar at 297and 304 intra.Ranking (B.I.51, tr.1.71 note )and the writer of the article on Budan in the I.G.are mistaken in identifying it with Bangarh near  Budaun .f.(I.59 ,I.2)asserts in his characteristically careles way , that it is now known as Bayana and paverty has reiterated and disseminated the error (T.N.tr.471 note ) .But Thangar is realy “Tahangarh” ,a fort lying about 15 miles south of Bayana (seely , Road book of India ,19 ).
Minhas states that Tribhuvangiri was the country of Bayana (304 infra ) .It was as built by Tahanpal (Tribhuvanpala ) Jadon, the ancestor as the raja of Karauli (I G.XV.27 ) .The contemporary writer Fakhuru-d-din Mubarak Shah calls it Tahank (g?) iri, and says it was taken in 592 H (Tarikh, ed.Ross , 25 , I.5ff.) Tahangarh is now in the state of Bharatpur (I.G.xv.27, 34 ).But presently it is in Karauli State .The Rai of Bhangar (Recte Tahangarh ) is mentioned in the Tarikh -i-Mubarak Shahi also (E.D.IV.62 ,I.9 ff .q.v my note ) .Tahangarh was a place of importance even in Babur ‘s time  and is mentioned by him in his Tuzak (B.N.tr.538 ) .It is marked in the Oxford Indian School Atlas ofJohn Bartholomew , pl.24 and also in the I.G.Atlas pl.34 ,E2. The local pronunciation on now seems to be Timangarh .

Reference —

1-Studies in Indo-Muslim History by S.H.Hodivala, Vol .I edited by before .-Sanjay Garg.
2-History of Jainism:Medieval Jainism by Kailash Chand Jain.
3-Tahangarh Fort:A study in Historical Archaeology by Dr Vinod Kumar Singh &Dr Manvendra Singh .
4-Ancient Cities and Towns of Rajasthan (Delhi 1972) by K.C.Jain.
5-Elliot and Dowson ,op.cit .Vol.II.pp.226.
6-Karauli Ka Itihas -Mahavir Prasad Sharma
7-Karauli ki Jaga Pothi-Late Kulbhan Singh ,Akolpura Thikana.
8-Gazetteer of the Karauli State 1874-Percy Powlett.
9-A Gazetteer of Eastern Rajputana : Comprising the Native States of  Bharatpur ,Dholpur and Karauli  ,1905-H.E.Drake-Brockman.
10- Archaeological Survey of India ,Vol ,.20.p.38 .
11-Cultural and Historical Study of Karauli District.-Dr Mohan Lal Gupta .
12-Emperical Gazetteer ;Rajaptana Gazetteer Karauli State ;
13-Rajasthan District Gazetteers -Sawaimadhopur ,
14-Rajputana -ka-Itihas -J.S.Gahlot ;
15-Timangarh Durg,Kala evnm Sanskritik Adhyayan -Ramji Lal Koli.;Karauli Rajaya Ka Itihas -Damodar Lal Garg.
16-Archaecological Survey of India ,Vol .,20 .p.3.
17-Singh ,R.B.,History of Chahamanas ,Varansi (1964) .
18-Cunningham.A.Archeological Survey of India Report of a tour in eastern Rajputana in 1882-83 , pp.68-69.
19- New Epigraphical Evidence located at Tahangarh  fort -by V.K.Singh IHC:Proceedings 60th Session 1999,pp.1126-1134.
20-Archaeological Survey of India Report.,Alexander Cunningham ,p57.

Author -Dr Dhirendra Singh Jadaun
Village -Larhota near Sasni
District -Hatharas ,Uttar Pradesh .
Associate Professor in Agriculture
Shahid Captain Ripudman Singh Govt.College , Sawaimadhopur ,Rajasthan ,322001 .

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