Part III-History of Princely State of Navanagar of original Yadavas Stock of Lunar Race Jadeja Rajputs —

Part III-History of Navanagar Princely state of original Yadava stock  of Lunar Race  Jadeja Rajputs —-

Modern History

In 1864, the Jam Shri Vibhaji established in his State regular civil and criminal courts. He also introduced several reforms in the land revenue system in 1866. He went on a pilgrimage to the sacred cities of Nasik, Kashi, (Benares) Prayag (Allahabad,) Mathura (Muttra), Gayaji, and visited principal places such as Bombay and Calcutta. In 1871, on the occasion of the visit of H. E. Sir Seymor Fitzgerald, the Governor of Bombay, to Nawanagar, the Jam in honour of the gubernatorial visit got opened at his hands the water works, which he had already constructed in his capital. In 1876, Jam Shri Vibhaji went to Bombay to do honour to H. R. H. the Prince of Wales, the heir-apparent to the throne of Great Britain and Ireland and the Empire of India. On January 1st 1877, the Jam attended the Imperial Assemblage held at Delhi in honour of H. I. M. Queen Victoria’s assuming the title of Kaiser-i-Hind (Empress of India). The salute of the Jam was increased from 11 to 15 guns. He also received the banner from H. E. Lord Lytton, the Viceroy and Governor-General of India. On the 1st of January 1878 Sir J. B. Peile (then Mr Peile) invested the Jam with the insignia of K. C. S. I. in a grand Darbar, held at Rajkot.

As the Jam had no son by any of his Rajput wives he in 1872, obtained the sanction of the Government to recognise Bhimsinh alias Kalubha, his son by one of his mistresses, Dhanbai, as his heir to the throne of Nawanagar. He agreed to give him sound education and equip him with all the necessary qualifications of a good ruler All attempts made in that direction proving futile, the British Government disinherited him and at once ordered the removal of Kalubha and his son from Nawanagar to Ahmednagar in the Deccan. The Jam afterwards adopted one Umedsinh, the son of Jalamsinhji of Sarodad, one of his nearest Bhayads, and appointed him his heir with the name of Raysinhji, but unfortunately he died in the year 1879. The Jam afterwards adopted Ranjitsinhji, the son of Juwansinhji, Jalamsinhji’s second son, and made him his heir. In 1882, however, Janbai, another mistress of the Jam and an aunt of Kalubha, gave birth to a son, named Jaswantsinhji. This infant prince was appointed heir to the throne of Nawanagar with the sanction of the British Government obtained in 1884.

Jam Shri Vibhaji introduced several reforms in the external and internal administration of his State. He discontinued the system of farming the Paragnas, which afforded ample scope to those farmers to mercilessly squeeze the poor ryots, and appointed Vahivatdars instead.The Laws were codified and the administration of Justice underwent a material change. He also established several departments, connected with Police, Public Works, Medicine, Education and Municipality. The Jam Saheb earned a good name for himself by undertaking large works of public utility, such as schools, libraries, Dharmshalas (inns) gardens, pleasure-houses, bridges and the Printing Press. Jam Shri Vibhaji cultivated his taste for music and had in his employ hordes of native musicians.

The well meaning and liberal Jam Saheb had not, however, strength enough to extricate himself from the intrigues of low courtiers and concubines. The State incurred heavy debts and it was found impracti cable to carry out any work of public utility, which involved an outlay of a large capital. But the Jam Saheb, who always evinced a great solicitude for the well-being of his subjects, borrowed loans from the neighbouring States and undertook the construction of a Railway line between Rajkot and Nawanagar. Jam Shri Vibhaji did not live long enough to see the completion of his cherished project. He died on the 28th April 1895, leaving behind him the heir-apparent, Jaswantsinhji, Lakhubha, the son of Kalubha, and Ranjitsinhji to contest for the throne. The Supreme Government had, however, long before recognised the claims of Jaswant sinhji and on the 10th May 1895 he was installed on the gadi of Jamnagar by Colonel Hancock.

Prince Ranjitsinhji, who has joined the University of Cambridge and who has distinguished himself as a strong athlete and an energetic sportsman, is pushing on his claims in England, while Lakhubha has also gone there to represent his case to the Secretary of State for India. At present, how ever, Jaswantsinhji is recognised as the Jam of Nawanagar and during his minority, the administration is carried on by a British officer of great tact and experience. The young Jam, Jasaji alias Jaswantsinhji, is sent to Rajkot to receive his education at the Rajkumar College.

The Jam of Nawanagar holds a rank among the first class chiefs of Kathiawad and as such enjoys full criminal and civil powers in his own territory. The Jam stands at the head of all the Jadeja Chiefs of Halar. Jam’ is considered to be the highest epithet that can be applied to the name of a sovereign. It is customary with the Jam not to rise up to receive a Chief of any rank whatsoever, who happens to go to his court on
a formal visit. The late Jam Saheb enjoyed a salute of 15 guns, though the State is entitled to 11 guns only.

References–

1-History of Gujarat by J.W.Watson .
2-History of Gujarat by Edalji Dosabhai.
3-The History of Sindh by K.R.Malkani.
4-Bombay Gazetteers, Kathiawar III.p ,554.
5-The Golden book of India ,a Genealogical and Biographical Dictionary of the ruling Princes , Chiefs by Roper Lethoridge.
6-Imperial Gazetteer of India ,v, 11.p78.
7-The Rajputs of Saurashtra by Virbhadra Singh.
8-Yaduvamsh prakash .,pp.,263-287.
9-History of Kathiyawar from Earliest Times .,p177, by Harold Wilberforce -Bell.
10-Bombay Gazetteer , 8,p-489-90, 565-66, p124-126.
11-Glimpses of Bhartiya History by Rajendra Singh Kushwaha.
12-A History of the Indian State forces by HH Maharaja Sawai Man Singh II of Jaipur.
13-Gujarat State Gazetteers :Rajkot.
14-Gujrat state Gazetteer :Amreli 1972 .
15-Gazetteer of Bombay presidency , vol 9, part I ,p.129.
16-The Hind Rajasthan or The Annals of the Native states of India., Voll.2 , issue I, part 2.complied by Manu Nandshankar Mehta and Markand Nandshankar Mehta.
16-History of the Dhrangadhra state by C.Mayne.
17-History of Sama and Soomra Rajputs of western India by Bipin Shah


Village-Larhota near Sasni
District-Hatharas ,Uttar Pradesh
Associate Prof in Agriculture
Shahid Captain Ripudaman Singh Govt.College ,Sawai madhopur ‘Rajasthan ,322001.

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