The Historical account of Chudasamas , Raizadas , Sarvaiyas and Jadejas Lunar race Yaduvanshi Rajputs of Gujrat—
In the Yadav family, fifty-four degrees removed from Shri Adya Narayan (the primeval Lord), there flourished the celebrated Shri Krishna, believed to be the incarnation of God Vishnu. He established himself in Dwarka, where even up to the present day his image is worshipped as God. He had a son, named Samba, by his wife, Jambuvanti, who married Rama, the daughter of Kaubhand, prime minister to Bana sur, the king of Shonitpur in Egypt. He had a son by this wife, named Ushnik. When the Yadavas destroyed themselves Ushnik was in Shonitpur and thus escaped destruction. Banasur was after his death succeeded by Kaubhand and after his death Ushnik ascended the throne of Shonitpur. Devendra flourished in his line, 79th degree removed from him. He had four sons Aspat (Ugrasen) Gajpat, Narpat, and Bhupat. Of these Aspat embraced Mahomedanism; the descendants of Gajpat, esta- blished a large kingdom in Sorath and came to be known by the name of Chudasama after his son, Chud Chandra. Bhupat seized upon certain tracts in Marwad and became the founder of the Bhatti dynasty. The rulers of Jesalmere are his descendants. Narpat, his third son, assumed the title of Jam, having killed Feroze Shah, the ruling sovereign of Ghazni, and usurped his throne.
The chudasama a race of Rajputs claiming Jadav descent , established themselves at Vanthli and Junagadh , and thence soon spread their power throughout the interior of the provinces .Their original seat was at Nagar Thatha in Sindh.
The name is probably derived from Chudachandra , the founder of the Junagadh Vanthli House.,who was the Samma branch of the Jadavs .His descendants therefore to distinguished themselves from the Sindh Sammas ,called themselves Chudasamas.
There is a curious similarity in their name to that of the ancient Chorasmians , but this is doubtless merely accidental .A portion of the Jadavs penetiated to Kabul and conquered much of the country .Hence after many years they again returned to India and founded the Samma dynasty of Saminagar ,so named probably after Samb who may well have accompanied the Jadavs on this exodus.He being the Royal Race of Lord Shri Krishna was naturaley on their leaders .A branch of these Jadavs diverged into Marwar and there founded the state of Jesalmer.
2-The Raizadas —
Bhupatsinh the prince of Ra’Mandlik was given the Jagir of Sil and Bagsara Chovisi and was entrusted with the office of collecting revenue of Sorath. His descendants are known as Raijadas, as distinct from other Chudasama Rajputs of Sorath. Bhupatsinh remained the nominal Ra’ of Sorath, and as a Thandar on behalf of Sultan Mohmad levied the Satami; the nominal rule of these Raijada Jagirdars lasted till about 1609. They enjoyed extensive Jagirs in Chorwad and Keshod in Sorath.
Sarvaiyas come from a branch of the Chudasamas ,who are themselves a branch of the Samma rajputs .They ruled over Amreli , Hathasni ,Jesar ,Datha , Vasavad , Santhli , Chital , Kundla , Gohilwad , Chhatrasa , Chiroda , Chok ,Pan , Panigamand and other estates in Kathiawar
The Chudasama Rajputs whose ancestors received the eighty-four villages round about Sarvi, were later on styled as Sarvaiyas.
Their Ranimanga-Barot’s records mention that two cadets of the Chudasama-house, Jesa and Veja, not being satisfied with their share of this grant became outlaws; through mediation of a merchant named Vanarashi , they were reconciled and they received hundred and fifty villages of Amreli Taluka. It has been stated in Bhat’s records that Sarvaiya Jagirdars were in possession of Vasavad, Bhadli and Chital, till they were driven out by the Kathis. The Saravaiya Rajputs were till recently Talukdars of seventh class in Datha. Aiyavej, Chok, Jaliya, Rohishala, Pa, Sanala, etc. in Gohilwad district.
The Yadavas, claim to be the descendants of Lord Krishna of the lunar race and to have settled in Saurashtra in two successive hordes-one in the 10th century and the other in the 16th. Both the Raijada-Chudasama Sarvaiya clans of Sorath and the Jadejas of Halar belong to, or to put it more properly, are the offshoots of, one Sama-clan of Sindh. These Samas claimed to be the Yadavas descended from Samba, the grandson of Lord Krishna.
The Samas invaded Kutchh in A.D. 900 and gradually drove out the Chavdas and later, the Vaghelas and made themselves the rulers of Kutchh.
The account of Saurashtra—
Jadejas might better begin with reference to Jam Raidhanji of Kutchh-Jam Raidhanji of Kutchh had set his youngest son Othaji on the throne, violating the prime claim of the eldest, Gajanji whom he granted the district of Bara and districts Kunad and Amaran in Saurashtra. This injustice kept the two branches busy against each other for twelve generations.
The nearest affinal kinship did not stand in the way of landgrabbing ambition of this Jadeja chief. Incidentally it may be mentioned that from the time of the foul murder, by Jam Sataji, of his own sister’s son Ramdeoji Jethwa of Ranput, the relations between the Jethwas and the Jadejas of Nawanagar continued to be inimical and for three hundred years there was apaiya between them.
During Jam Sataji’s rule, Sultan Muzaffar of Gujarat fleeing from emperor Akbar’s army arrived to seek refuge with Jam Sataji and Babi Daulatkhan of Junagadh. The imperial Viceroy Khan Aziz Koka, therefore marched against their combined armies and the most sanguinary battle was fought at Bhoochar Mori, about one mile north-west of Dhrol, in which they suffered a severe defeat. The imperial army plundered Jamnagar.
Jam Sataji’s younger son Vibhaji received Kalavad in Apanage but being dissatis fied with his share, he went to live in his maternal uncle’s place. He married the Vaghela princess of Sardhar. Col Walker writes, “Vibhaji invited his affinal relatives to a dinner and killed them by fraud.” Thus by fraudulent means Vibhaji obtained possession of Sardhar and laid foundation of an independent state of Rajkot (1611). The history of Saurashtra Rajputs provided scores of such instances where aid of non-Rajputs is invited against one’s clansmen, to obtain possession of territory or of a few villages or to secure some political advantage. It appears that Rajput clan-unity wears thin or evaporates when it comes in conflict with political or territorial ambitions.
Jam Lakhaji (1743-1768 )–
when Jam Lakhaji ascended Gadi. He had married Bai Juvuba, a
Jam Lakhaji (1743-1768) personal attendant named Mehraman Khavas (a menial tribe).
daughter of the Jhala House of Halvad. Her father sent with her a “This man possessed considerable intelligence and he soon con trived to assume supreme control in the State. The Jam Saheb becoming a mere +17 puppet in his hand.” What part he played in the history of the peninsula is well known and needs no repetition.
Early in 1812, an army composed of British and Gaikwad groups marched upon Nawanagar and after a little fighting Jam Sataji was compelled to yield and sign the treaty, a minor provision of which was that Sataji got Ranpur and twelve other villages in Apanage.
Shortly afterwards (1822) the British assumed the paramount power over the states of Saurashtra, and the era of internal discords and other feuds came to an end.
Jadejas’s States: —-
Jamnagar, Morvi, Dhrol, Rajkot, Gondal, Virpur, Kotda , Sangani, and other 13 chieftainships like Bhadwa, Pal, Khirasara, etc.
1-History of Gujarat by J.W.Watson .
2-History of Gujarat by Edalji Dosabhai.
3-The History of Sindh by K.R.Malkani.
4-Bombay Gazetteers, Kathiawar III.p ,554.
5-The Golden book of India ,a Genealogical and Biographical Dictionary of the ruling Princes , Chiefs by Roper Lethoridge.
6-Imperial Gazetteer of India ,v, 11.p78.
7-The Rajputs of Saurashtra by Virbhadra Singh.
8-Yaduvamsh prakash .,pp.,263-287.
9-History of Kathiyawar from Earliest Times .,p177, by Harold Wilberforce -Bell.
10-Bombay Gazetteer , 8,p-489-90, 565-66, p124-126.
11-Glimpses of Bhartiya History by Rajendra Singh Kushwaha.
12-A History of the Indian State forces by HH Maharaja Sawai Man Singh II of Jaipur.
13-Gujarat State Gazetteers :Rajkot.
14-Gujrat state Gazetteer :Amreli 1972 .
15-Gazetteer of Bombay presidency , vol 9, part I ,p.129.
16-The Hind Rajasthan or The Annals of the Native states of India., Voll.2 , issue I, part 2.complied by Manu Nandshankar Mehta and Markand Nandshankar Mehta.
16-History of the Dhrangadhra state by C.Mayne.
17-History of Sama and Soomra Rajputs of western India by Bipin Shah
Author-Dr Dhirendra Singh Jadaun
Village-Larhota near Sasni
District-Hatharas ,Uttar Pradesh
Associate Prof in Agriculture
Shahid Captain Ripudaman Singh Govt.College ,Sawai madhopur ‘Rajasthan ,322001.