The Lunar race- Yadu ,Yadava ,Yadu-Bhatti , Jadon, Jadhava & Jadejah Rajput’s Origin History —–

The Lunar race-
Yadu ,Yadava ,Yadu-Bhatti , Jadon, Jadhava & Jadejah Rajput’s  Origin History   —–

Puranic Yadus /Yadavas (Sanskrit ) means in Hindi  is Jadus /Jadon.The modern Bhatis ,Jadons and Jadejah are the real yadus or Yadava clan of Lunar race kshatriyas .
According to Vasistha,the priest of Raja Sudas in his prayers to Indra says( Rv.VII, 19 , 8.) that  the Yadava and Turvasa evidently means the distant descendants of Yadu and Turvasu  of Lunar race kshatriy kings , sons of Maharaja Yayati and his wife Devayani respectively , for the word Yadava is admittedly a Vedic patronymic derived from Yadu , and the word Turvasa is a derivative of the Vedic word Turvas , {Turvas being the Vedic form which stands for the Puranic form Turvasu ; the form Turvasu also is some times used in the Rgveda} .same is in case of Yadava and Yadu .Lines other than those preserved in the Puranas existed , as each king was the father , not of one son only ,but of many sons ;in this way the Yadus and Turvasus multiplied into Tribes.The chiefs of these  tribes  were titled as Yadavas and Turvasa respectively.
Mahabharata says (Kumb MBh I ,79 ,42)
It has been remembered that the Yavanas and Yadavas were the descendants of theTurvasu and Yadu ,the sons of Yayati Nahusa .” The Philologists declare that the “Y “in ‘Yavana or Yadava ‘ may be replaced by “J” ; that is both the form “Yavana ” and “Javana” , same as in” Yadava and Jadava ” are permissible and therefore the interchangeable.Javana even in later Sanskrit literature “one who possesses speed ” .Now the word Turvas also means “one who runs fast ” ; so that both the words Turvas and Javanas means same .Just as the Yadavas mean the descendants of Yadu   .So the Yavanas –the Javanas mean the descendants of Yavana (Turvasu ) .
Classicaly ,Yadu ,or Yadava , – a tribe of Rajputs of the Chandravanshi division , who  profess to trace their origin in a direct line from Lord Shri Krishna .The Yadus are a well –known historical clan .Colonel Tod says that Yadu was the most illustrious of all the tribes . It is not clear , even according to legendary tradition , what ,if any ,connection the Yadus had with Buddha , but Krishna is held to have a prince of this tribe and founded Dwaraka in Gujarat with them ,in which locality he is afterwards supposed to have been killed .

Bhattis of Jaisalmer–

Colonel Tod states that the Yadu after the death of Krishna , the deified hero of this dynasty and their expulsion from Dwaraka , many of them ,including two of his sons ,proceeded northwards beyond the Indus and settled there . One of their descendants,  Gaj ,  is said to have built a fort called Gajni ( identified by Tod as the Ghazni of Afghanistan ,but believed by Cunningham to be in the vicinity of Rawalpindi ) ; but being defeated and killed in a battle with the king of Khorasan , his followers were driven southward into Punjab , where Salivahan established a new capital, which he called after himself , and which has been identified with Sialkot . This chief subsequently defeated the Indo-Scythians in a decisive battle near Kahror ,within 60 miles of Multan .So great was the fame of this victory that the conqueror assumed the title of Sakari ,or ‘foe of the Sakas (Scythians ) , and further to commemorate the event established the Saka era from the date of the battle ( A.D.78 ) ,an epoch which is still in general use throughout India .Salivahan’s grandson , Bhatti ,was a renowned warrior who conquered many of the neighbouring chiefs  ,and form him the tribe now takes the name of Bhatti Jadon  .Subsequently , the Bhatis were gradually driven southwards till ,crossing the Sutlej , they took refuge in the Indian desert which has since been their home .Here they came into contact withvarious Rajputs clans , such as the Butas and Chunns ( both extinct ) , the Barahas ( now Musalmans ) ,the Langahas ,and Sodhas and Lodras ( both branches of Parmaras ) .Their first capital was Tannote  still in Jaisalmer territory ,which was founded about the middle of the eighth century ,but being ousted from this ,Deoraj ,the first chief to assume the title of Rawal , built Deogarh or Deorawar in 853 A.D, now called Derawar in Bahawalpur territory , and established himself there .Shortly afterwards , the capital was changed to Lodorva , an immense city with twelve gates taken from the Lodra Rajputs  ,the ruins of which lie 10 miles west –by –north of Jaisalmer town was , however , ill adapted for defence , so Jaisal sought for a stronger place and founded the fort and city of Jaisalmer in 1156 A.D.Jaisalmer State ,the third in Rajputana , has an area of 16 ,000square miles , most of which is desert .The chief has the title of Maharawal and receives a salute of 15 guns .

Jadhavas of Devagiri—

At a later date a Yadava kingdom existed in the Deccan , with its capital at Devagiri or Daultabad and its territory lying between that place and Nasik  .Mr Smith states that these Yadava kings were descendants of feudatory nobles of the Chalukya kingdom , which embraced parts of western India and also Gujrat .
The last quarter of the 12th century AD the Yadavas of Devagiri came into prominence. They had previously been ruling over Seunadesha (Khandesh) as feudatories of the Chalukyas of Kalyani. The founder of the family was Dridhaprahara, the son of Subahu. His capital was Shrinagara as stated in the Vratakhanda, while from an early inscription it appears to have been Chandradityapura, which is identified with the modern Chandor in the Nasik district. His son and successor was Seunachandra, from whom the country ruled over by him came to be known as Seunadesha. This corresponds to modern Khandesh. It comprised the country extending from Nasik to Devagiri.King Seunachandra established city called Seunpur/Sindiner (sinnar). From a stone inscription found at Anjaneri near Nasik it appears that there was a minor branch of the Yadava family ruling at Anjaneri. Seunadeva of this branch made some grant to a Jain temple. Seunadeva calls himself Mahasamanta and evidently was dependent on the main branch. This family ruled over a small district of which Anjaneri was the chief city. there were many noteworthy rulers in the Yadava dynasty . In 1294 AD Ala-ud-din Khalji invaded the kingdom of Ramachandra and suddenly appeared before the gates of Devagiri. Ramachandra was taken unawares and could not hold out long. He had to pay a heavy ransom to the Muslim conqueror. He continued, however, to rule till 1310 AD at least; for the aforementioned Purushottampuri plates are dated in that year. He was succeeded by his son Shankaragana some time in 1311 AD. He discontinued sending the stipulated tribute to Delhi. He was then defeated and slain by Malik Kafur. Some time thereafter, Harapaladeva, the son-in-law of Ramachandra, raised an insurrection and drove away the Muhammedans, but his success was short-lived. The Hindu kingdom of Devagiri thus came to an end in 1318 AD. During their rule a peculiar style of architecture called Hemadpanti after Hemadri or Hemadpant, a minister of Mahadeva and Ramachandra came into vogue. Temples built in this style are found in all the districts of Maharashtra.Marathi literature also flourished in the age of the Yadavas. Chakradhara, who propagated the Mahanubhava cult in that age, used Marathi as the medium of his religious teaching. Following his example, several of his followers composed literary works in Marathi.

Jadejah of Kutch &Bhuj—

The Jareja Rajputs of Sind and Kutch are another branch of the Yadus . They now claim descent from Jamshid , the Persian hero , and on this account , Colonel Tod states , the title of their rulers is Jam .The Jam Lakha Phulani , son of Jara ,from whom the clan takes it’s name.Lakha is said to have completed the conquest of Kutch in the year 1320A.D.Their states are Jamnagar ,Morvi ,Dhrol ,Rajkot , Gondal ,Virpur ,Kotda , Sangani and 13 Chieftains shiks like Bhadwa ,Pal , Khirasara etc.

Jadons of Karauli and United Provinces
The name Yadu has in other parts of India been corrupted into Jadon .But the title of Jadon is now exclusively applied to the tribe which appears never  to have strayed far from the limits of the ancient Suraseni , and they consequently find them still in considerable numbers in that neighbourhood  . Raja of Karauli is the head of the great Jadon clan of Rajputs , who claim descent from Vajranabha ,the greatgrand son of Lord Shri Krishna ,and are called the Chandravansi or Children of Moon .Probably the first historical personage in the pedigree is Bijaipala , who built the fort of Bayana in 995 A.d.Arjun Deo ,in 1348A.D , established the State and founded the karauli town in Rajputana .The large tract South of the Chambal , called after them Yaduvati or Jaduvati .The state of Karauli on the Chambal is now their chief independent possession .The area of the Karauli State is 1208 square miles and Raja is entitled to a salute of 17 guns .The family banner is coloured yellow .The Karauli family all bear the distinguishing appellation of ‘Pal ‘ in token that they , as descendants of Shri Krishna , are Protectors  (Pal ) of cow , where the Lion ( Singh ) does not respect the sacred animal .
Some of the tribe , or at least professedly of the tribe , are Zamindars in the United Provinces –as the proprietors of the Talookas of Awa-Misa in Jalesar paragana , Umargarh , Okhara ,Narkhi ,Neemkhera ,Jaundhari ,in Etah district , Somna  ,      Birpura ,Gabhana , Kora-Rustampur ,  Ashrafpur Jalal ,Mangrauli ,  Panchon ,Baranadi , Banwaripur in Aligarh , and Kotila in firojabad pargana formerly in Agra district .These are many of them also found in Fattehabad and Shumsabad of Agra , Mustafabad and Ghiror in Mainpuri ; Suhar and Arecny in Muttra , Sohnuh in Gungaon ; and in Kole , Hasangarh , Gorai ,Jalali , Akrabad ,Sikandra rao and Khair in Aligarh .They are considered spirited farmers .The Jadons of Jewar in  Bulhandshahr are distinguished by the title of Chhokarzada .Porch ,Bangars , Baresir , Jyswar and Jasawat  are self-styled Jadons are found in some regions of Agra ,Mathura and in Mendu ,Hasayan ,Daryapur in Hathras district .The jadons are also found in some districts of Bundelkhand like Mahoba ,Banda ,Hamirpur ,Jalaun , Etawa , Kanpur and Kaushambi  etc.They are also found in Munger ,Bhagalpur , Banka districts of Bihar .
Gurgaon , with the rest of the territory known as Mewat , formed in early  times part of an extensive kingdom ruled over by Rajputs of the Jaduvansi or Jadon tribe .The Jadon power was broken by Muhammad Ghori in1196A.D; but for two centuries they sturdily resited the Muhammadan domination , and the history of the district is a record of incursions of the people of Mewat into Delhi territory and of punitive expeditions undertaken against them .Under Firoz Shah III the Jadons were converted to Islam ; and Bahadur Khan or Bahadur Nahar took a prominent part in the intesting struggles that followed the invasion of Timur , founding the family of the Khanzadas , members of which ruled Mewat in partial independence of the Delhi empire .Babar annexed Mewat , and from this time the power of the Khanzadas rapidly decline .
Jadons are also found in Hosangabad ,whither they emigranted after Akber,s conquests on the Narmada . Several of the Jat tribes are also said to be Jadons and the Sinsinwal of Bharatpur are predominant among them one.

References—

1-Shrimadbhagvatapurana.
2-Mahabharta .
3-Vishnupurana .
4-Harivanshpurana .
5-Gargasanhita.
6-Sakandapurana.
7-Krishna in History ,Thought and Culture :An Encyclopedia of HinduLord by Lavanya Vemsani .
8-Krishna Deities and Their Miracles by Stephen Knapp.
9-Meghdutam of Mahakavi Kalidas.
10-The life and Times of Krishna .byJ.B.Patro.
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13-The complete Life of Krishna .By Devi Vanamali .
14-The story of Ancient Dwaraka .By Devi Vanamala.
15-Braj Centre of Krishna Pilgrimage by A.W.Entwistle and Forsten ,E.1987.pp123 ,132.
16-Mathura: A District Memoir  by F .S.Growse .
17- Chiefs and Leading families of Rajputana .By C.S.Bayley.
18-Hand book of Rajputana by Captain A.H.Bingley.
19- Gazetteer of the Karauli State .By Percy Powlett ,1874.
20- Census Report of North-Western Provinces , for 1865 ,Vol.I .,pp.64 ,65.
21- Tod’s Rajasthan , Vol.I.Pp.85-87.
22- Wilson’s Glossary , p.57.
23 – Supplemental Glossary , Vol .I., p.51.p.129.
24- Raja Lachhman Singh , Bulandshahr Memo ,160 sq.
25-  Ibbetson ,Punjab Ethnography , section 446.
26 -Cunningham , Archeological Reports ,XX, 5sqq.
27-Crooke William C.A.1886 .The Tribes and Castes of North-Western India.Voll.I to V.
28-The Tribes and Castes of the Punjab and North -West  Frontier section IV.by H.A.Rose.
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30-Sherring M.A.Hindu Tribes and Castes .Vol.I to III.
Investing .Punjab Castes.
31-Statistical account of Bhavnagar by J.W.Watson ,Bombay ,1830 ,p.68.
32-Yaduvamsha Prakash ,pp.263-287
33-Bombay Gazetted ,Kathiyavad III ,p.554.
34-Ancient Indian Historical Tradition.by F.E.Pargiter ,1998.
35-Early History of Rajputs .By C.V.Vaidya.
36-Downfall of Hindu India.by C.V.Vaidya .
37-Prachin Bharat men Hindu Rajay.by Babu Vrindavan Das.
38-Prachin Bhartiya Itihas ka Vaidic Yug.by Satya ketu Vidhya.
39-Vraj ka Sanskritik Itihas part I.by Prabhu Dayal Mittal.
40-Vraj ka Itihas part I.by K.D.Bajpai.
41-Prachin Bharat ka Itihas .By Ramakant Tripathi.
42-Paninikalin Bharatvarsh .By Dr Vasudev Saran Agrawal.
43-Chronology of Ancient India by Sita Nath Pradhan .

Author-Dr Dhirendra Singh Jadaun
Village-Larhota near Sasni
District-Hathras ,Uttar Pradesh ,204216.
Associate Prof in Agriculture
Shahid Captain Ripudaman Singh Govt.College ,Sawai madhopur ‘Rajasthan ,322001.

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